Eczema is a condition that causes the skin to become dry, red, itchy, and cracked. Atopic eczema (atopic dermatitis) is the most common form of eczema and is much more common in children but can also effect adults. It can affect any part of the body but the most common areas to be affected are: backs or fronts of the knees, around the elbows, around the neck, hands, and the scalp.
The exact cause of atopic eczema is unknown, but it is thought to be the result of multiple different things as it often occurs in people who have allergies (atopic means sensitivity to allergens). The symptoms of atopic eczema may also have certain triggers such as certain soaps, detergents, stress, or the weather. It can be prevalent in families and often occurs in individuals who also suffer from hay fever or asthma.
Atopic eczema is generally considered a chronic condition but you can go through phases where the eczema improves significantly or can even clear completely and other phases were it becomes severe (flare-ups).
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